Cover of Handbook of Electrical and Electronic Insulating Materials, 2nd ed.

Handbook of Electrical and Electronic Insulating Materials, 2nd ed.

W. T. Shugg

(1995) xxx + 578 pages

This authoritative second edition is not intended for storage on a library shelf. Rather, it is designed as a desk volume to provide quickly accessible data, design input, comparisons, standards, and suppliers for insulating systems and materials. This is the only single source devoted to all classes of insulators for electrical and electronic applications, offering immediate and easy access to detailed information in one easy-to-use source. Classifications include: Major producers, technologies and methods of manufacture, trade names, applicable standards and specs., properties and uses, development programs and market trends. This book will be invaluable to electrical and electronic engineers who need to make informed choices about dielectric and electrical insulation materials as well as technologies in related fields

Fundamentals:@ Introduction:U.S. and International Standards:Insulation Systems and Service Life:UL Standards for Insulation Systems:Material Aging and Breakdown:Partial Discharge (Corona):Space Charges:Radiation:Dipole Moment and Polarization:Material Selection Steps:Temperature Index of Dielectric Materials:Standard Tests for Dielectric Materials:SI System for Metric Practice (ASTM E 380):Thermoplastic Molding Compounds:@ Definitions of Terms Relating to Plastics:Plastics Industry:Engineering Thermoplastics:Polymerization:Reinforcements and Fillers:Flame Retardants:Antioxidants:Ultraviolet Stabilizers: Injection Molding Standard Tests:@ Practice for Conditioning Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials for Testing (ASTM D 618):Specific Gravity and Density (ASTM D 792):Dielectric Strength (ASTM D 149):Dielectric Constant, Permittivity, Specific Inductive Capacity (ASTM D 150):Dissipation Factor, Loss Tangent, Tan Delta (8) (ASTM D 150):Electrical Resistance (ASTM D 257):Arc Resistance (ASTM D 495):Water Absorption (ASTM D 570):Deflection Temperature (ASTM D 648):Tensile Properties (ASTM D 638):Izod Impact Resistance (ASTM D 256):Flammability (UL 94):The Oxygen Index (0I) (ASTM D 2863):@:Maximum Service Temperature of Thermoplastic Polymers:Relative Costs of Thermoplastic Polymers:Alloys:Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCPS):Conducting Polymers:Development Programs:Market Trends: Summary of Rankings of Thermoplastic Polymers Principal Thermoplastic Polymers for Electrical/Electronic Uses@ Acetals: Homopolymer:Acetals: Copolymer:Acrylic (PMMA):Amide Polymers: Nylon 6/6:Amide Polymers: Nylon 11:Imide Polymers: Polyamide-Imide (PAl):Imide Polymers: Polyetherimide (PEl):Polyarylate (PAR):Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT):Polycarbonate (PC):Polyetheretherketone (PEEK):Polyphenylene Ether, Modified (PPE):Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS):Polypropylene (PP):Styrenics: Polystyrene (PS):Styrenics: Styrene-Butadiene:Styrenics: Styrene-Acrylonitrile (SAN):Styrenics: Acrylonitri le-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS):Sulfone Polymers: Polysulfone:Sulfone Polymers: Polyethersulfone (PES):@:Thermosetting Molding Compounds:@ Thermosetting Plastics Consumed in Electrical/Electronic Applications:Polymerization and Polycondensation:Reinforcements and Fillers, Antioxidants, Ultraviolet Stabilizers:Compression Molding:Transfer Molding:Injection Molding:Standard Tests:Relative Costs of Thermosetting Compounds:Development Programs:Market Trends:Ranking of Thermosetting Compounds by Key Properties: Federal Specification MlL-M-14 Principal Thermosetting Compounds for Electrical/Electronic Uses:@ Alkyds/Polyesters:Allyls:Aminos:Epoxies:Phenolics/Furfurals:@:Extrusion Compounds:@ Conductors:Temperature Coefficient of Resistance:Ampacity:Insulated Conductor Design:Flooding and Filling Compounds:Fire Hazards:Treeing:Production Processes for Polymers:Extrusion Process:Standard Tests:UL Standards for Wire and Cable:Comparative Properties of Extruded Insulations:Development Programs: Market Trends Principal Extrusion Polymers for Electrical/Electronic Uses:@ Fluoropolymers:Ethylene Polymers (PE):Propylene Polymers (PP):Polyurethane Polymers (PUR):Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC):Silicone Rubber:Organic Elastomers:@:Embedding Compounds:@ Critical Properties:Fillers:Federal Specification MlL-I-1 6923:ASTM Standard for Embedding Compounds:Embedding Processes:Curing Systems:Development Programs:Market Trends: Comparative Characteristics of Encapsulants Principal Embedding Polymers for Electrical/Electronic Uses@ Epoxies:Polyesters:Polyurethanes (PURs):Silicones:@:Magnet Wire Enamels:@ Coil Manufacture:Bondable Magnet Wire:Magnet Wire Manufacture:NEMA Standard and Federal Specification for Magnet Wires:ASTM Standards for Film-Insulated Magnet Wire:Processing Wire Enamel:Magnet Wire Thermal Classification:Magnet Wire Enamel Testing:Development Programs:Market Trends:Comparative Characteristics of Magnet Wires:Magnet Wire Data: Magnet Wire Manufacturers Basic Wire Enamel Types:@ Plain Enamel:Polyvinyl Formal:Polyurethane (PUR):Nylon:Epoxy:Polyester:Polyamide-Imide (PAl):Polyester-Amide-lmide:Polyester-lmide (PEl):Polyimide (PI):@:Insulating Coatings and Impregnants:@ Suppliers of Coatings and Impregnants:Dielectric Stresses:Critical Properties:Thermal Classification of Coatings and Impregnants:Federal Specifications and Practices:ASTM Standards for Electrical Insulating Varnishes:UL Standard 1446, Systems of Insulating Materials-General:Application Methods:DeveIopment Programs:Market Trends: Inherent Characteristics of Coating and Impregnating Varnishes Principal Types of Coatings and Impregnants:@ Early Oleoresinous Insulating Varnishes:Alkyd Polyesters:Unsaturated Polyesters:Epoxies:Parylene:Phenolics:Polyurethanes (PURs):Silicones:@:Unclad and Clad Structures:@ UNCLAD STRUCTURES:@ Reinforcements:Resins:Development Programs:Market Trends: Principal Unclad Structures for Electrical/Electronic Uses: Unclad High-Pressure Thermoset Laminates:Polyester Glass Mat Laminates:Sheet Molding Compound (SMC):Pultrusion:@:CLAD STRUCTURES:@ Suppliers:Technology:Substrates for Printed Circuits:Semiconductor Silicon:Copper Foils:Adhesives:Covercoats:Multi layer Circuits:Flexible Circuits:Federal Specifications for Printed Circuits:IPC Specifications for Printed Circuits:ASTM Standards for Copper-Clad Thermoset Laminates:UL Standard for Printed Wiring Boards:Development Programs:Market Trends:@:Dielectric Film:@ Technology:ASTM Standard for Testing Films:Federal Specification for Films:Development Programs:Market Trends: Dielectric Films: Cellulose Acetate (CA):Fluoropolymers:Imide Polymers: Polyetherimide (PEl):Imide Polymers: Polyimide (PI):lonomer:Polycarbonate (PC):Polyester (PET):Polyethylene (PE):Polyparabanic Acid (PPA):Polypropylene (PP):Polystyrene (PS):Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC):Sulfone Polymers: Polysulfone:Sulfone Polymers: Polyethersulfone:@:Dielectric Papers and Boards:@ Development Programs: Market Trends Dielectric Papers and Boards@ Cellulose Papers and Boards:Vulcanized Fibre and Fish Paper:Aramid Papers and Boards:Mica Paper:Other Papers and Boards:@:Tapes and Coated Fabric:@ PRESSURE-SENSITIVE TAPES: Suppliers of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes: Technology: Natural and Synthetic Rubber Adhesives:Silicone Rubber Adhesives:Acrylic Adhesives:Block Copolymer Adhesives:@:Processing:Adhesion Tests for Pressure-Sensitive Tapes:Grades:ASTM Standards for Electrical Insulating Pressure-Sensitive Tapes:Federal Specifications for Electrical Insulating Pressure-Sensitive Tapes:UL Standard for Insulating Tapes:Properties:Tape Selection:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:@: NONADHESIVE TAPES AND COATED FABRICS: Suppliers of Nonadhesive Tape and Coated Fabrics:Technology:Processing:Grades:ASTM Standards for Nonadhesive Tapes and Coated Fabrics:Federal Specifications for Nonadhesive Tapes and Coated Fabrics:NEMA/lCEA Standard for Varnished Cloth Insulated Wire and Cable:Properties:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:@:Tubing and Sleeving:@ INSULATING TUBING:@ Producers of Extruded Tubing UL Approved:Technology:Grades:ASTM Standards for Electrical Insulating Tubing:Federal Specifications for Electrical Insulating Tubing:Properties:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:INSULATING SLEEVING:@ Producers of Coated Sleeving UL Approved:Technology:Grades:ASTM Standards for Electrical Insulating Sleeving:Federal Specification for Electrical Insulating Sleeving:Properties:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:@:Mica and Mica Products:@ Technology and Grades:Synthetic Mica:Properties:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Built-Up Mica:Mica Paper Products:Thermal Classification of Mica Products:ASTM Standard for Bonded Mica Products:Federal Specifications for Mica Products:Glass-Bonded Mica:Development Programs:Market Trends:Ceramic and Glass Insulations:@ Chemistry:Grades:Processing: ASTM Standards for Electrical Insulating Ceramics Properties:@ Thermal Properties:Physical Properties:Dielectric Properties:@:Summary of Properties and Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:Dielectric Gases:@ Technology:@ Breakdown in Gases:Paschen's Law:Electrode Condition and Configuration:Conducting Particles:Moisture:@:Chemistry:Grades: ASTM Standards for Dielectric Gases Properties:@ Toxicity:Arcing:Chemical and Thermal Stability:Thermal Properties:Critical Constants:Boiling Temperatures:Dielectric Constant:Compatibility:Availability:@:Properties of SF6:Gas Mixtures:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Development Programs:Market Trends:References for Further Reading:Dielectric Liquids:@ Technology:Chemistry:Grades: Processing Significance of Functional Properties of Mineral Insulating Oil:@ Physical Properties:Dielectric Properties:Chemical Properties:@: ASTM Standards for Dielectric Liquids Properties:@ Toxicity:Flammability:Purity, Inertness, and Chemical and Thermal Stability:Arcing:Water Content:Dielectric Properties:Heat Transfer Rate:Compatibility:Availability and Price:@:Electrical/Electronic Uses:Newer Capacitor Dielectric Liquids:Development Programs:Market Trends:Industry Activities:@ American National Standards Institute (ANSI):American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM):Association of Edison Illuminating Companies (AElC):Edison Electric Institute (EEl):Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI):Electrical Apparatus Service Association (EASA):Electrical Manufacturing and Coil Winding Association (EMCWA):Electronic Industries Association (ElA):Institut De Reserche D'Hydro-Que'bec (I REQ):The Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits (lPC):Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE):Insulated Cable Engineers Association (lCEA):International Conference on Large High Voltage Electrical Systems (CIGRE'):The International Electrotechnical Commission (lEC):National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA):Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE):Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE):Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI):Underwriters Laboratories (UL):Conferences/Symposiums:Publications:Government Activities:@ Worker Safety and Health:Hazard Communication Standard:OSHA Regional Offices:Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA):Federal Air Pollution Program:Federal Water Pollution Program:EPA Regional Offices:National Institute of Standards and Technology (N IST):National Center for Standards and Certification Information (NCSCl):Rural Electrification Administration (REA):U.S. Government Specifications:U.S. Government Printing Office:General Services Administration (GSA):The Naval Publications and Forms Center:Polyamide-Imide Military Specification MlL-P-461 79:Appendix@ Conversion Factors for Frequently Used Units:; Measures and Weights; Pressure; Volume; Density; Temperature Formulas; Temperature Equivalents @ :Industry and Federal Standards and Specifications@ American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Specification; American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standards; American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Test Methods; Association of Edison Illuminating Companies (AElC) Standard; Federal (Military) Specifications; Institute for Interconnecting and Packaging Circuits (IPC) Specifications; National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)/Insulated Cable Engineers Association (ICEA) Joint Standards Publications; National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standards