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Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids

Werner F. Schmidt

1997

368 pages

In Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids, one of the world's
leading experts in dielectric liquids discusses the theoretical basis and
the experiments on electronic conduction in nonpolar liquids. This book
provides a sound description of the concepts involved in electronic and
ionic charge transport in these liquids. It also includes experimental
techniques that graduate students, university researchers, and laboratory
scientists will all find useful. Data tables provide first-order information
on the magnitude of relevant quantities.
This book is intended for those researchers, graduate students, and practicing scientists in:
Contents

Partial List of Contents

* Physical and Chemical Properties of Nonpolar Liquids
o The Electronic Band Model
o Electron Statistics
o Electronic Carrier Transport
o The Liquid State
o The Liquid Structure
o Dielectric Properties
o Thermophysical Properties
o Production and Purification of Liquids
o Chemical Structure
* Measurement Methods
o Introduction
o Injection and Emission of Electrons, Holes, or Ions
o Clearing Field Methods
o AC Conductivity
o Time-Resolved Conductivity Methods
o Measurement of Hall Mobility
o Optical Absorption
o Electron Avalanches
o Breakdown Measurements
o Electron Pulses
o Signal Processing
o Measurement Cells
* Transport Properties of Charge Carriers
o Electron Drift Mobility
o Hall Mobility
o Positive Hole Transport
o Ion Mobility
o Charge Carrier Recombination
o Electron Attachment and Detachment
o Positive Charge Transfer
o Photodetachment from Negative Ions and Photo-Assisted Electron
Diffusion
o Optical Absorption of Localized Electrons and of Cations
o Geminate Electron/Ion Recombination
o Phenomenological Theory of Electron Transport
* Photoconductivity
o Single Photon-Induced Conductivity in Pure Liquids
o Single Photon Ionization of Solutes in Nonpolar Liquids
o Multiphoton Effects
o Onsager Theory
* Radiation-Induced Conductivity
o High Energy Radiation and Matter
o Low Field Conductivity
o High Field Conductivity
o Conductivity Induced by High LET Particles
o Multi-Ion Pair Theories
o Free Ion Yield, Low LET
o LET Dependence
o Positrons and Positronium
* Charge Transfer at Interfaces
o Introduction
o Photoelectric Effect in Nonpolar Liquids
o Ranges of Photoinjected Electrons
o Photoinduced Injection of Positive Charge Carriers
o Electron Emission from Liquids
o Field Emission of Electrons and Field Ionization
o Effects of Injection Currents
o 2D Electrons
o V0 Values
* Models of Electron Energetics and Dynamics
o Models of Electron Transport
o Electron Bubbles in Cryogenic Liquids
o Hole Transport
o Hot Electrons
o Thermalization Times of Hot Electrons
o Conduction Band Energy V0
o Ionic Polarization
o Ion Mobility
* Electric Breakdown
o Introduction
o Electron Avalanches
o High Field Conduction
o DC Breakdown
o Impulse Breakdown
o Laser-Induced Breakdown
* Liquid Ionization Detectors
o Liquid Ionization Chambers
o Electron Pulse Chambers
o Imaging Devices
o Liquid Photocathodes
o Scintillation
o Large Volume Detectors
o Electron Lifetime Measurements
o Positive Ions and High Radiation Dose
o Radiation Hardness
* Nonpolar Solids
o Solid Rare Gases and Simple Cryogenic Molecular Solids
o Organic Solids
o Polymers
o Concluding Remarks