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Fundamentals and Applications of Ultrasonic Waves

David Cheeke

2002

360 pages

Ultrasonics. A subject with applications across all the basic sciences, engineering, medicine, and oceanography, yet even the broader topic of acoustics is now rarely offered at undergraduate levels. Ultrasonics is addressed primarily at the doctoral level, and texts appropriate for beginning graduate students or newcomers to the field are virtually nonexistent.

Fundamentals and Applications of Ultrasonic Waves fills that void. Designed specifically for senior undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and those just entering the field, it begins with the fundamentals, but goes well beyond the simple, general concepts of waves to a detailed treatment of ultrasonic waves in isotropic media. Addressing a wide range of topics, the author focuses on the physics of acoustic waves, their propagation, and the different modes that can be excited in various geometries. Strong emphasis on applications in the later chapters provides a concrete setting for the more formal and theoretical earlier discussions.

Your search for the right introduction to ultrasonics is over. The clear, engaging prose, careful balance of theory and applications, and rigorous but accessible mathematical treatments in this book combine to build a solid foundation either for practical work in the field or moving on to higher-level studies.

Contents
ULTRASONICS: AN OVERVIEW
Introduction
Physical Acoustics
Surface Acoustic Waves
Piezoelectric Materials
High Power Ultrasonics
Medical Ultrasonics
Acousto-Optics
Underwater Acoustics and Seismology
INTRODUCTION TO VIBRATIONS AND WAVES
Vibration
Wave Motion
BULK WAVES IN FLUIDS
One Dimensional Theory of Fluids
Three Dimensional Model
INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF ELASTICITY
Introduction to Tensors
Strain Tensor
Stress Tensor
Thermodynamics of Deformation
Hooke's Law
Other Elastic Constants
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVES IN SOLIDS
One Dimensional Model
Three Dimensional Model
Material Properties
FINITE BEAMS, RADIATION, DIFFRACTION AND SCATTERING
Radiation
Scattering
Focused Acoustic Waves
Radiation Pressure
Doppler Effect
REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION AT INTERFACES
Introduction
Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence
Fluid-Fluid Interface
Solid-Fluid Interface
Solid-Solid Interface
RAYLEIGH WAVES
Introduction
Rayleigh Wave Propagation
Fluid Loaded Interface
LAMB WAVES
Potential Method
Fluid Loading
ACOUSTIC WAVEGUIDES
Partial Wave Analysis
Waveguide Equation: SH Modes
Lamb Waves
Rayleigh Waves
Layered Substrates
Multilayers
Free Isotropic Cylinder
Waveguide Configurations
CRYSTAL ACOUSTICS
Introduction
Group Velocity and Characteristic Surfaces
Piezoelectricity
TRANSDUCERS, DELAY LINES AND ANALOG SIGNAL PROCESSING
Bulk Acoustic Wave Transducers
Bulk Acoustic Wave Delay Lines
Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) Transducers
Analog Signal Processing
ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS
Thickness Shear Mode Resonators
SAW Sensors
SH Type Sensors
Flexural Plate Wave Sensors
Thin Rod Acoustic Sensors
Gravimetric Sensitivity Analysis
Physical Sensing of Liquids
Chemical Vapor Sensors
Biosensing
ACOUSTIC MICROSCOPY
Introduction
Resolution
Acoustic Lens Design
Contrast Mechanisms
Applications
Perspectives
NON DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION (NDE) OF MATERIALS
Introduction
Surfaces
Plates and Tubes
Layered Structures
Adhesion
Thickness Gauging
Clad Buffer Rods
SPECIAL TOPICS
Multiple Scattering
Time Reversal
Picosecond Ultrasonics
Air Coupled Ultrasonics
Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy
CAVITATION AND SONOLUMINESCENCE
Bubble Dynamics
Multi Bubble Sonoluminescence
Single Bubble Sonoluminescence